Ungakuvimbela kanjani ukufa kwezithombo noma ukubola?

ukufa kukaphayini

Ukubuka izihlahla zikhula kusuka embewini kuwukuhlangenwe nakho okucebisayo futhi okuyigugu. Naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi namuhla sekuyaziwa ukuthi zihluma kanjani, ngezinye izikhathi kunzima ukukholelwa ukuthi entweni encane kangaka izitshalo zingavela ukuthi, ezimweni eziningi, zidlula amamitha ayishumi, kanti ezinye, njenge-sequoias, zifinyelela ku-116m.

Futhi lokho akusho ukuthi basengozini kangakanani phakathi neminyaka emibili yokuqala yokuphila. Ngalo mqondo, esinye sezifo eziyingozi kakhulu yilokho okwaziwa ngokuthi ukususwa noma ukufa kwezithombo. Ngokushesha nje lapho kuvela izimpawu zokuqala, ngokuvamile akukho lutho olungenziwa, kodwa… bewazi yini ukuthi lungagwemeka?

Kuyini?

ukufa kwesithombo

I-Damping-off, eyaziwa kangcono njengoba ngike ngasho njengokufa kwezithombo noma ngegama elithi fungal wilt, yisifo esibangelwa isikhunta esihlukene, phakathi kwazo esivame kakhulu ezikhungweni zezihlahla iBotrytis, Pythium kanye nePhytopthora, nakuba zikhona ezinye ezifana I-Sclerotium noma i-Rhiztonia engenakuvinjelwa. Bona ukuthelela imbewu noma izithombo ngemva nje kokumila, okubangela ukufa.

Yiziphi izimpawu?

Kunezimpawu ezimbalwa okufanele zisenze sisole ukuthi sibhekene nenkinga ye-fungal wilt, noma ukuthi singase sisheshe:

  • Imbewu:
    • oyisiphukuphuku
    • ithembeke kancane kunalokho okufanele kube njalo
  • Izithombo:
    • ukuncipha kwesiqu
    • ukubonakala kwebala elimhlophe nxazonke zesiqu
    • ukugqama kweqabunga

Indlela yokuvimbela ukubola?

Nakuba kubulala, kunezinombolo zezindlela zokuvimbela ezilula ngempela. Esokuqala siyadlula sebenzisa i-substrate entsha eyenza kube lula ukuphuma kwamanzi ngokushesha, njenge-vermiculite noma uma ukhetha i-peat exutshwe ne-perlite engu-30% noma efanayo.

Ngokufanayo, kubaluleke kakhulu ukusebenzisa isikhuthazi. Ngokuhlangenwe nakho, ngincoma ukwelapha imbewu ngaphambi kokuhlwanyela nge-fungicide yesifutho, bese, uma ihlwanyelwe, ifafaze isibabule esiyimpuphu (noma isibulala-fungi futhi uma kusehlobo) phezu kwe-substrate.

Ekugcineni, kufanele ugcine umbhede wembewu ngaphandle futhi uniselwe kahle, okungukuthi, ukuzama ukugwema ukugcwala kwamanzi. Kokubili ukuntuleka kokungena komoya kanye nomswakama ophezulu kuthanda ukwanda kwesikhunta, ngakho-ke izinyathelo kufanele zithathwe ngaphambi kokuba zivele.

Ingabe isitshalo esigulayo singabuyiselwa?

ikhofi yisithombo

Uma izimpawu sezivele kufanele ulaphe ngesibulala-sikhunta ngokushesha, kodwa lokho akusona isiqinisekiso sempumelelo. Isikhunta ama-microorganisms ayinkimbinkimbi, futhi imikhiqizo ekhona ayikakwazi ukuyiqeda ngokuphelele; ukuze ngeshwa into evame kakhulu ukuthi izitshalo ziyafa ngisho nangemva kokwelashwa.

Ngethemba ukuthi ikusebenzele futhi ungaba nokuhlwanyela okuhle nokujabulisayo kusukela manje kuqhubeke.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1.   UGALANTE NACHO kusho

    Sawubona Monica.

    Umfowethu utshala yonke into enyakazayo futhi sesivele sinezitshalo ezincane ezingaba ngu-70 ze-Acacia yaseConstantinople, 30 yaseMaple kanye ne-20 yezihlahla zothando.Ngizomcela ukuthi angene ebhulogi ukuze aziswe Isihloko esithakazelisa kakhulu!

    Ukubingelela okuhle,

    1.    todoarboles kusho

      Sawubona!

      Ukhwathu, kahle, ukuthola izihlahla eziningi kangaka... ngokuqinisekile usuwazi ngaphezu kweqhinga elilodwa hehe Siyakuhalalisela.

      Ukubingelela

  2.   Jose Carlos kusho

    Mina ngingumlandeli nje walokhu kodwa nginezinkulisa ezimbili ezingu-500m2, uma ngifunda kakhulu ngivele ngifikelwe amandla, ngoba angenzi lutho kulokhu okushoyo, kuze kube manje ngiyayiqeda, kodwa ngelinye ilanga amakhowe angichitha. Ngisebenzisa futhi ngikhiqiza inqwaba yezikelemu kanye nomhlaba we-diatomaceous. Uma ungabheka ikhasi lami u-ARBA Huelva.
    Ukubingelela

    1.    todoarboles kusho

      Sawubona uJoseph Carlos.

      Ngiyaqonda ukuthi umhlaba we-diatomaceous uyisikhunta esihle sokuvimbela, ngakho-ke leso ngesinye sezizathu zokuthi kungani izitshalo zakho zikhula zinempilo 🙂

      Ukubingelela nokubonga ngokuphawula.