I-Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa)

Izimbali ze-metrosideros excelsa zibomvu

El Metrosideros Excelsa Kuyisihlahla esingaba sikhulu kakhulu., futhi lokho kuphinde kube nezimbali ezimangalisayo. Kuyisitshalo esikahle ukuba nesifanekiso esingasodwa ezingadini ezinkulu, njengoba lena kuyindlela enhle kakhulu yokujabulela umthunzi omnandi ohlinzekwa amagatsha namaqabunga awo.

Izinga lokukhula kwawo elohlobo olumaphakathi; lokhu kusho ukuthi ikhula ngokwesilinganiso samasentimitha angama-20 kuya ku-30 ​​ngonyaka, kuye ngezimo ehlala kuzo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kuwuhlobo lokucatshangelwa uma ufuna isihlahla esimelana nelanga eliqondile, ngakho-ke uma kunjalo, ngizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngakho.

Umsuka nezimpawu ze Metrosideros Excelsa

I-metrosideros excelsa isihlahla esikhulu

Isithombe – Wikimedia/Ed323

Isihlahla esihlala siluhlaza sitholakala eNew Zealand, lapho saziwa khona ngegama elivamile elithi pohutukawa; nakuba ibizwa nangokuthi isihlahla sikaKhisimusi saseNew Zealand kwenye indawo. Ikhula ibe ubude obungamamitha angama-20, futhi ikhulisa umqhele obanzi wamamitha ayi-8-10.. Ngaphansi kwezimo ezithile, iyakwazi ukuthuthukisa izimpande zasemoyeni ukuze ithuthukise ukubambelela kwayo phansi, njengoba kwenzeka lapho ikhula eweni.

Izimbali zibomvu, ziphuzi noma zipinki kuye ngenhlobonhlobo kanye/noma i-cultivar, njenge-'Aurea' ewakhiqiza ngokuphuzi. Iqhakaza ehlobo, ikakhulukazi phakathi kukaZibandlela noNhlolanja eningizimu nenkabazwe, naphakathi kukaJuni noSepthemba enyakatho nenkabazwe.

Isebenzani?

Isihlahla sikaKhisimusi saseNew Zealand isetshenziswa kuphela njengesitshalo sokuhlobisa. Itshalwe njengesampula yodwa ibonakala inhle kakhulu, ikakhulukazi uma iqhakaza. Kodwa-ke, endaweni ephuma kuyo isongelwa i-possum noma i-possum yase-Australia. Lokhu kwethulwa ezweni futhi kuthokozela ukuphuca amaqabunga alesi sihlahla, yingakho i Iphrojekthi ye-Crimson, inhloso yazo iwukuvikela kokubili i-M. excelsa nezinye izihlahla zomdabu.

Ukunakekela ini Metrosideros Excelsa?

Uma ufuna ukuba nayo, kubalulekile ukuthi wazi kusengaphambili ukuthi yiziphi izidingo zayo eziyisisekelo, ngoba lokhu kuzokwenza kube lula kuwe ukuthi ukhethe ukuthi uzoyibeka kuphi nokuthi yimiphi imisebenzi yesondlo okufanele uyenze ukuze ibe kuhle:

Indawo

Isiqu se-metrosideros excelsa siwugqinsi

Isithombe - Wikimedia / Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz

Kungumuthi ukuthi Kufanele ibe sendaweni echayeke elangeni eliqondile, kude ngangokunokwenzeka lapho kunamapayipi nephansi elithambile. kungenjalo kungabangela izinkinga. Eqinisweni, kungcono ukuyitshala okungenani amamitha ayishumi ukusuka kunoma yini engase iyiphule noma ilimaze.

Ngokufanayo, kunconywa ukuthi futhi ibekwe kude, okungenani amamitha angu-5, kwezinye izitshalo ezinkulu, kungaba ezinye izihlahla noma amasundu. Ngale ndlela, izozuza intuthuko engcono.

Umhlaba

Akufuneki kakhulu, kepha Imila kahle enhlabathini enothe ngezinto eziphilayo nokukhanya. Ngokufanayo, kunconywa kakhulu ukuthi itshalwe engadini ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka; Ngale ndlela, izokhula ngesivinini esihle futhi ibe namandla kunanoma ngabe ibigcinwa ebhodweni isikhathi eside.

Manje, uma kuyisibonelo esincane kanye/noma sezithombo, singagcinwa esitsheni esinezimbobo zokudonsa amanzi ezigcwele indawo yonke efana nemikhiqizo eyaziwayo njenge flower.

Ukunisela

Ngokuvamile, ehlobo kuzodingeka uphuze kaningi kunasebusika, ngoba lesi sitshalo sidinga amanzi amaningi lapho sikhula. Kodwa unyaka wonke, njengoba amazinga okushisa ephansi futhi ngokuvamile linetha, sizonisela kancane. Kodwa, kufanele ukwenze kangaki?

Kuzoncika esimweni sezulu endaweni: lapho amazinga okushisa ekhuphuka futhi imvula encane, kuzodingeka kakhulu ukunisela.. Nokho, okungeke kwenziwe wukugcina inhlabathi imanzi njalo, njengoba ingesona isitshalo sasemanzini futhi akufanele iphathwe njengokungathi kunjalo, ngoba ayimelani nokugcwala kwamanzi.

Uma kwenzeka ukungabaza, sincoma ukufaka induku yokhuni. Uma uma uyikhipha iphuma nenhlabathi eningi enamathelayo, kusho ukuthi imanzi kakhulu, ngakho-ke akufanele iniselwe.

Umbhalisile

Amaqabunga e-metrosideros excelsa aluhlaza

Isithombe - Wikimedia / Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz

Kungcono kakhulu ukukhokha ku- Metrosideros Excelsa kuyo yonke inkathi yayo yokukhula, okungukuthi, kusukela entwasahlobo kuya ekupheleni kwehlobo, noma kuze kufike ekwindla uma isimo sezulu sifudumele futhi singekho isithwathwa noma sibuthakathaka kakhulu. Ukuze wenze lokhu, ungasebenzisa umquba ezilwaneni ezidla utshani, isitibhili, umquba, noma umquba.

Ingavundiswa futhi ngomanyolo wamakhemikhali, njengalowo ongakwazi ukuwuthenga lapha noma izitshalo eziqhakaza, ngokulandela imiyalelo yokusetshenziswa ngaso sonke isikhathi.

Ukuphindaphinda

Kungenzeka ukuphindaphinda ngakho imbewu, okufanele ihlwanyelwe entwasahlobo; futhi nge ukusika ngasekupheleni kwebusika noma entwasahlobo.

Isibindi

Yisihlahla leso akathandi amakhaza; kodwa-ke, ingamelana nesithwathwa esintekenteke futhi ngezikhathi ezithile kuze kufike ku -2ºC, mhlawumbe -3ºC uma ivikelwe emoyeni.

Ubucabangani nge Metrosideros Excelsa?


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