I-Araucaria araucana

I-Araucaria auracana isihlahla esihlala siluhlaza

Isithombe - Wikimedia / LBM1948

Ama-araucaria angama-conifers ahlala eluhlaza anophawu olulodwa, nobuhle obudonsa ukunaka okukhulu. Kodwa ezinhlotsheni ezahlukene ezikhona, eyodwa engiyithanda kakhulu iyona I-Araucaria auracana. Lapho isencane, inomqhele ocishe ube yi-pyramidal; futhi lapho iqeda ukuvuthwa, ukude ingase idideke namaphayini esinawo emabhishi esifunda saseMedithera, njengoba inesiqu esiqala ukuhluma amamitha amaningana ukuphakama, futhi umqhele uthi awufane.

Iphinde imelane kakhulu neqhwa.. Futhi nakuba izinga lokukhula kwayo lihamba kancane, lokhu kungesinye sezizathu zokuthi kungani intengo yayo yokuthengisa ivame ukuba phezulu, kuyathakazelisa kakhulu ukuba nayo engadini, inqobo nje uma unendawo eyanele yokuthi ikhule.

Injani i- I-Araucaria auracana?

I-Araucaria auracana yabantu abadala

Isithombe - Flickr / Scott Zona

A. auracana Isihlahla esihlala siluhlaza, noma ikakhulukazi, i-conifer, itholakala e-Argentina Patagonia naseningizimu-maphakathi neChile.. Ingenye yezinhlobo esizozithola uma sike savakashela i-Andes, nakuba kudingekile ukwazi kusengaphambili ukuthi ikhula ezindaweni ezivinjelwe kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, e-Argentina naseChile ivikelwe ezindaweni ezihlukahlukene, ukugawulwa kwayo kwemithi kwenqatshelwe. Lokhu kubangelwa, ngokwengxenye, iqiniso lokuthi isengozini yokushabalala; Ngaphezu kwalokho, kubalulekile kumaMapuches.

Uma sigxila ezicini zomzimba, kufanele sisho ukuthi isitshalo ukuthi ingafinyelela kumamitha angama-50 ukuphakama. Isiqu sawo siqondile, siyi-cylindrical futhi, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, siba sibanzi kakhulu, sifinyelela kumamitha ama-3 ububanzi. Umqhele, njengoba ngishilo ekuqaleni, uqala amamitha amaningana ukusuka phansi, futhi ungaba nesimo esithile sesambulela. Amaqabunga awugqinsi, izinaliti zesikhumba ezikhula zibe amaqoqo aqinile. Lezi, ngaphezu kwalokho, zivikelwa iva elimila esihlokweni ngasinye sazo.

Kukhona izibonelo zabesifazane kanye nezabesilisa. Izigaxa zesifazane ziyindilinga futhi zilinganisa cishe amasentimitha ayi-6; izinguquko zesilisa zinesimo eside.

Ngenxa yelukuluku, ngikutshele ukuthi amanye amagama eyaziwa ngawo yilawa alandelayo: i-pewén noma i-pehuén, i-Patagonian pine, i-arms pine, i-Araucanian pine noma i-araucaria pine. Yebo, kufanele uqaphele, ngoba nakuba ingase ibukeke kakhulu, akuwona uphayini (wohlobo lwePinus), kodwa I-Araucaria.

Yini oyidingayo ukuze uphile?

Ngokuyisisekelo, indawo ebanzi kanye nesimo sezulu esipholile. Ngokunjalo, futhi nakuba ikhula kancane kakhulu, kunconywa kakhulu ukuthi itshalwe emhlabathini ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka, ngoba ngale ndlela izokwazi ukukhula ngokushesha njengoba ingenawo lowo mkhawulo wendawo ebingaba nawo uma yayigcinwe ebhodweni. Kodwa futhi kufanele sazi izinto eziningi, okuyizo engizokutshela ngazo ngezansi:

Indawo

I-araucaria auracana ingapheli

Isithombe – Wikimedia/Norbert Nagel, Mörfelden-Walldorf, Germany

Kunjalo, kufanele kube ngaphandle. Uma siyishiya ngaphakathi endlini, cishe izohlala unyaka kuphela, ngoba idinga ukuba endaweni enelanga, futhi izwe umoya, imvula, amakhaza, njll.

Ngokufanayo, Uma sizoyitshala emhlabathini, sizokwenza okungenani ibanga lamamitha ayishumi ukusuka lapho sinamapayipi., iphansi eligandayiwe, namadamu okubhukuda, njengoba izimpande zingawalimaza.

Umhlaba

Ikhula enhlabathini enobumba namanzi.. Ebhodweni, ungabeka i-substrate yendawo yonke ene-pH ephakathi kuka-6.5 no-7.5 njenge lokhu (Ungakhathazeki: yiyona wonke umuntu ajwayele ukuba nayo, kodwa uma nje ngikweluleka ukuthi uqinisekise ngaphambi kokuyithenga).

Ibhodwe kumele libe nezimbobo zokudonsa amanzi (yebo, kungcono ukuthi libe nezincane ezimbalwa kuneyodwa enkulu, ngoba ukugeleza kwamanzi kuzoshesha).

Ukunisela

Ukunisela kuzokwenziwa kuphela uma kunezikhathi zesomiso; okusho ukuthi, uma silitshalile esizeni futhi livame ukuna njalo unyaka wonke, ngeke kudingeke ukuthi sinisele amanzi ethu. I-Araucaria auracana. Kodwa izinto ziyashintsha uma lina kancane, futhi ngaphezulu uma lisebhodweni, ngoba kulezi zimo i-substrate yoma ngokushesha kakhulu kunenhlabathi engadini.

Kumele kukhunjulwe ukuthi ayimelani nesomiso, kodwa ngeke kube kuhle ukuyinisela njalo. Uma kwenzeka unokungabaza, hlola umswakama wenhlabathi ngenduku,ethula phansi ebhodweni. Futhi uma iphuma ihlanzekile futhi yomile, kufanele unisele.

Umbhalisile

Uma wenza umquba wasekhaya ungawusakaza esiqwini kusukela entwasahlobo kuya ngasekupheleni kwehlobo. Uma ungenayo umquba kodwa ufuna ukuwuvundisa, noma yimuphi umanyolo ongenayo i-asidi uzokwenza kahle (njengoba kunjalo, isibonelo, umquba wenkukhu), njengobulongwe benkomo noma behhashi, noma umquba wokhula lwasolwandle njengo lokhu (Eyakamuva, ngenxa yenani layo, ngiyincoma kakhulu ezitshalweni ezifakwe emabhodweni kunalezo ezisengadini).

Ukuphindaphinda

La I-Araucaria auracana iphindaphindeka kuphela ngembewu. Lezi kufanele zitshalwe ekwindla-ebusika ngaphandle, futhi zigcine zinomswakama - zingagcwali-. Ngakho, bayoqhuma kuyo yonke intwasahlobo.

Isibindi

Amaqabunga e-Araucaria auracana afana nenaliti.

Isithombe – Flickr/Julio Martinich

Kuyi-conifer esekela isithwathwa kuze kufike -20ºC.

Ucabangani nge I-Araucaria auracana?


Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*